Socio-cultural transition in Turkey has led to significant changes in family dynamics over the last decade (Kagitcibasi et al., 2005). Marital conflict and parental disagreement have become prevalent causes of family dissolution (Demir, 2013). Prior research has shown that harmony between parents predicts children`s socio-emotional development (Teubert & Pinquart, 2010). Therefore, this study examined parental child-rearing disagreement (PCD) in Turkish married families by mothers` and teachers` self-reports for preschool (N=57, Mage=4.33, 29 girls) and elementary school-aged (N=41, Mage=8.15, 21 boys) children. Hierarchical regression analyzes revealed that, when controlling for marital satisfaction, PCD predicted only parent-reported behavior problems. Moreover, the effect of PCD was moderated by school level and child`s gender such that the strongest association was for preschool girls` externalizing behaviors. Findings highlighted PCD`s unique influence on young girls` externalizing behaviors as well as suggested that parents and teachers might be establishing novel expectations for child development in Turkey.
Cagla Giray, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Jedediah Wilfred Papas Allen, Bilkent University, Turkey Hande Ilgaz, Bilkent University, Turkey