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Papers under the theme of "T22 Mental & Physical Health"

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Its Emic Relatives: Perspective of (Cross-) Cultural Psychological Research

Based on our previous etic studies from in Germany, Switzerland, North Caucasian states and China, we developed a socio-interpersonal model (Maercker & Horn, 2013), which encompasses social-affective, interpersonal and cultural predictors of PTSD. To extend this model, literature on emic expressions of trauma-related syndromes was collected from psychosocial or anthropological sources. Syndromes were ordered along […]

Definition of Mental Illness: The Ghanaian Perspective

Aims: investigate the Ghanaians perception of Mental illness (ii) Evaluate the role of education in explaining the causes of mental illness and in determining beliefs and attitude towards mentally ill persons. Methods Forty (40) participants were interviewed on the causes of mental illness and options for management. Twenty (20) of the participants interviewed were either undergraduate or […]

A Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Examination of the Effect of Cumulative Adversity on the Mental and Physical Health of Older Adults

Self-oriented adversity refers to traumatic events that primarily inflict the self, whereas other-oriented adversity refers to events that affect the self by primarily targeting others. The present study examined whether cultural background moderates the effects of self-oriented and other-oriented adversity on mental and physical health of older adults. Using longitudinal data from the Israeli component […]

Strategies of Acculturation, Religious Orientations and Mental Health in Economic Migrants

The aim of the study was to explore the relations between acculturation strategies, religious orientations and mental health in voluntary migrants. There is evidence that the prevalence of mental health problems in migrants is significantly higher than in local populations. Several explanations of this phenomenon have been offered, issues related to social functioning and acculturation […]

Social Anxiety Among Chinese Immigrants: The Roles of Personality, Culture and Context

Based on the diathesis–stress model of anxiety, this study examined the contributions of cultural processes, perceived racial discrimination, and personality traits to social anxiety among 140 first-generation Chinese immigrants in the USA. Further guided by the theory of intergroup anxiety, this study also adopted a context-specific approach to distinguish between participants’ experience of social anxiety […]

Depression Among Javanese: Universal and Unique Symptoms

People from different cultures express depression in different ways. This study aimed to explore manifestations of depression among Javanese men and women in Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia. Ethnographic interviews were conducted among twenty Javanese people with depression in primary health centers. A Cultural Formulation Interview in the DSM-5 was adapted as an interview guide for […]

Cultural Adaptation of E-Mental Health Interventions: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

This systematic review provides evidence on minimally guided interventions applied in populations that are culturally and linguistically different from the population the intervention was designed for. Minimally guided interventions such as bibliotherapy or e-mental health (e.g. self-help programmes provided via Internet) may potentially reduce the “treatment gap” for mental disorders, particularly in low- and middle-income […]

What Does Depression Mean to You? A Cross-Cultural Validation of the Depression Beliefs Questionnaire (Dbq) Among Chinese, Chinese-Canadians and European-Canadians

How one understands depression varies markedly between collective and individualistic cultural contexts, with implications for help-seeking behaviors and treatment outcomes. The depression beliefs questionnaire scale (DBQ) is an attempt to examine beliefs about the perceived etiology, consequences and treatments of depression cross-culturally. The present study aims to evaluate the structural validity of this scale using […]

The Effectiveness of Loving Kindness Meditation in Increasing Optimism and Reducing Pessimism

Loving kindness meditation (LKM) is a meditation practice that aims at directing kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity towards oneself and others. The present study aimed at investigating the effects of LKM on individuals’ optimism and pessimism. Participants were randomly assigned to the LKM or the control condition. Participants were asked to listen to an […]

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