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Papers under the theme of "T34 Values/Norms"

Consequences of the circular motivational structure of values

Symposium Abstract The circularity of the value structure, central to the Schwartz model, has many theoretical and methodological implications. Presentations in this symposium use the idea of the circularity of the value structure to make theoretical predictions for relations between values and other theoretical constructs of interest (the first two presentations) and to explain value […]

Children’s Gender Nonconformity as Justification for Discipline: Experiences and Views of Children and Their Caregivers in Urban Poor Family Settings

Corporal punishment (CP) is a method of discipline that may be physical or humiliating (Soneson, 2005). Although there have been debates about its use, it is still a common disciplinary method in the Philippines. This qualitative study aims to learn common justifications for using CP from the perspectives of both caregivers and children. The study […]

The Structure of Values Among it Company Employees in Jakarta Region Based on the Schwartz Values Model

This study aims to describe the values structure of employee’s IT Company in Jakarta. The background is the large gap between job seekers and job providers. Employment providers having trouble finding candidates is expected and one problem is attitude that is rooted in values. Using the Schwartz Values Model, this study done in descriptive study […]

Value Structure, Overall Change and Zeitgeist Effects in Finnish Values in 1981-2015

The present study analyses the relationships between societal changes and values in Finland during the era of rapid societal change (1981-2015) using the Schwartz’s approach in two national, partly overlapping time series (N=15.130). The former time series (1981-1995) measures attitudes, and the latter (1991-2015) the SVS-values. The value change of the 1980s was estimated with […]

Generalized Trust and Caution Across Cultures: A Comparative Study of Geographic Regions

Research suggests that trust and caution are orthogonal and, to an extent, affected by regional norms (Hong, 1978, Tan & Tambyah, 2011). Participants came from eight countries across three geographical regions (Anglo North America: Canada and USA (n=571), East Asia: Japan, Taiwan, and PRC (n=506), and West Asia: Iran, Lebanon and Israel (n=479)). Responses by […]

The Cultural Context of Self-Esteem: Valuing Independence and Interdependence

The degree to which one construes oneself as an independent, autonomous individual predicts self-esteem in Western individualistic contexts (e.g., Kwan et al., 1997; Singelis et al., 1999). The current study examines the relation between independent and interdependent self-construal with self-esteem among 137 participants from rural Japan, 72 Japanese Americans in Hawaii at various stages of […]

Individual-Level Predictors of Tightness-Looseness

Cultural tightness-looseness, a dimension which describes the strength, multitude, and clarity of social norms in a culture, has proved significant in explaining differences both between (Gelfand et al., 2011) and within countries (Harrington & Gelfand, 2014). On an individual level, higher tightness has been related to higher constraints in everyday situations (Realo et al., 2015) […]

Values and Variation in Cultural Meaning of Attitudes the Case of Attitudes Towards Homosexuality in Europe

A large proportion of cross-cultural research on values and attitudes is guided by an universalistic assumption that attitudes have similar meanings across cultural contexts: that attitudes towards homosexuality and the environment are related to the value of universalism (Kuntz et al., 2015; Schultz & Zelezny, 1999), that security and conformity are negatively related to attitudes […]

Moral Awareness of Turkish, Dutch, and Turkish-Dutch Adolescents in Relation to Parental Monitoring and Conduct Problems

Moral awareness refers to the appreciation and use of moral values. The current study examines cultural similarities and differences in relations between self-reported moral awareness, conduct problems, and parenting practices among 593 native Turkish, 161 native Dutch, and 102 Turkish-Dutch adolescents. Moral awareness was assessed with self-constructed vignettes on norm-breaking behaviours, the SDQ was used […]

The Effects of Relational Mobility on Reputation Estimation and Normative Behavior

This study investigated how social norms are maintained in societies within different degrees of relational mobility. It has been argued that people who live in low relational mobility societies have less opportunities to form new relationships and more needs to avoid isolation, as compared to those who live in high relational mobility societies. Based on […]

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